At the same time, the Ancient Gree… The Greek word erota means in love. [38] This is also true in Japanese (suki da, 好きだ). (John 3:16–17, NIV) John also wrote, "Dear friends, let us love one another for love comes from God. vulnerability and care theory of love), including oneself (cf. But there is another mode for the self to exist in, the ‘I-Thou’ or ‘I-You’ relation. Cicero wrote a treatise called On Friendship (de Amicitia), which discusses the notion at some length. Mozi, by contrast, believed people in principle should care for all people equally. [19] Fromm also described love as a conscious choice that in its early stages might originate as an involuntary feeling, but which then later no longer depends on those feelings, but rather depends only on conscious commitment. [citation needed] By whatever name, advocates had two strong beliefs: opposition to the idea of forceful sexual activity in a relationship and advocacy for a woman to use her body in any way that she pleases. • What are the Canons of Etymology? • What is the origin of the word Grockle? Intimacy is a form in which two people share confidences and various details of their personal lives, and is usually shown in friendships and romantic love affairs. • What is the origin of the word Loo? Several common proverbs regard love, from Virgil's "Love conquers all" to The Beatles' "All You Need Is Love". Recent studies in neuroscience have indicated that as people fall in love, the brain consistently releases a certain set of chemicals, including the neurotransmitter hormones, dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, the same compounds released by amphetamine, stimulating the brain's pleasure center and leading to side effects such as increased heart rate, loss of appetite and sleep, and an intense feeling of excitement. Rabbinic literature differs as to how this love can be developed, e.g., by contemplating divine deeds or witnessing the marvels of nature. and this is the ultimate way of salvation or liberation. } ch_non_contextual = 4; Psychologist Erich Fromm maintained in his book The Art of Loving that love is not merely a feeling but is also actions, and that in fact, the "feeling" of love is superficial in comparison to one's commitment to love via a series of loving actions over time. Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love." Maara is another name for kāma. In Hebrew, אהבה (ahava) is the most commonly used term for both interpersonal love and love between God and God's creations. These effects rarely last more than a few weeks or months. [21] Psychology sees love as more of a social and cultural phenomenon. 13:4–7, NIV), The Apostle John wrote, "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life. [1][2] An example of this range of meanings is that the love of a mother differs from the love of a spouse, which differs from the love of food. Bhakti is a Sanskrit term, meaning "loving devotion to the supreme God." Karuna is compassion and mercy, which impels one to help reduce the suffering of others. In recent years, the sciences of psychology, anthropology, neuroscience, and biology have added to the understanding the concept of love. Etym… ch_type = "mpu"; [20] A common principle that people say they love is life itself. To begin by always thinking of love as an action rather than a feeling is one way in which anyone using the word in this manner automatically assumes accountability and responsibility.” In that action she names components such as care, responsibility, respect, commitment, and trust as essential components to the act of loving. Thereafter rose Desire in the beginning, Desire the primal seed and germ of Spirit, Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. In Christianity the practical definition of love is summarised by St. Thomas Aquinas, who defined love as "to will the good of another," or to desire for another to succeed. 我愛你, Wǒ ài nǐ, or "I love you") and a noun (such as 愛情 àiqíng, or "romantic love"). ch_color_text = "0D3700"; Amar: Amar is a much stronger version of querer, and is only used in a romantic way. From this verb come amans—a lover, amator, "professional lover," often with the accessory notion of lechery—and amica, "girlfriend" in the English sense, often being applied euphemistically to a prostitute. • What is the origin of the word Nous? [citation needed] The Persian word for love is Ishq, which is derived from Arabic language; however, it is considered by most to be too stalwart a term for interpersonal love and is more commonly substituted for "doost dashtan" ("liking"). There is a cognate lof in early forms of the Scandinavian languages. Some translations list it as "love of the body". Saint Augustine summarized this when he wrote "Love God, and do as thou wilt. Love encompasses a range of strong and positive emotional and mental states, from the most sublime virtue or good habit, the deepest interpersonal affection, to the simplest pleasure. In the condition of separation, there is an acute yearning for being with the beloved and in the condition of union, there is supreme happiness and nectarean. Another 93 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1095, 1470, 1596, 1661, 1608, 1682, 1610, 1610 and are included under the topic Early Love History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible. • What is the origin of the word Love? The fourth love, and perhaps the most radical, was agape or selfless love. The Romans used it both in an affectionate sense as well as in a romantic or sexual sense. A Short History of Love . Although eros is initially felt for a person, with contemplation it becomes an appreciation of the beauty within that person, or even becomes appreciation of beauty itself. In contrast to kāma, prema – or prem – refers to elevated love. Philia (philía): Friendship, Love (but especially "platonic"). Finally, he does fall in love and is loved back, by God. However, in a few unusual and specific domains, such as immune systems, it seems that humans prefer others who are unlike themselves (e.g., with an orthogonal immune system), since this will lead to a baby that has the best of both worlds. The online etymology dictionary is the internet's go-to source for quick and reliable accounts of the origin and history of English words, phrases, and idioms. Stone images of Kamadeva and Rati can be seen on the door of the Chennakeshava temple at Belur, in Karnataka, India. The earliest quotation in the Oxford English Dictionary to illustrate this word is dated approximately 85 A.D. It does not envy, it does not boast, it is not proud. According to Saint Augustine, to love God is "to attain the peace which is yours." It generally refers to a "pure," ideal type of love, rather than the physical attraction suggested by eros. Batsman who makes no runs at cricket is said to be Out for a Duck. goes back to the very roots of the English language. Furthermore, researchers as early as Charles Darwin himself identified unique features of human love compared to other mammals and credit love as a major factor for creating social support systems that enabled the development and expansion of the human species. The Japanese language uses three words to convey the English equivalent of "love". The form, medium, and content may have changed, but the purpose remains the same — to communicate raw emotion. The word agapo is the verb I love. From Middle English love, luve, from Old English lufu, from Proto-Germanic *lubō, from Proto-Indo-European *lewbʰ- (“love, care, desire”). Since everything is a reflection of God, the school of Sufism practices to see the beauty inside the apparently ugly. ch_query = ch_queries[ch_selected]; And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Benedict XVI named his first encyclical God is love. Being perfectly in love with God or Krishna makes one perfectly free from material contamination. You are not worthy to be called by the name of "man". For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him." Gaudiya Vaishnavas who worship Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead and the cause of all causes consider Love for Godhead (Prema) to act in two ways: sambhoga and vipralambha (union and separation)—two opposites.[58]. [29] In combination, love is an activity, not simply a feeling. This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Love research. [35], Philia (φιλία philía), a dispassionate virtuous love, was a concept addressed and developed by Aristotle in his Nicomachean Ethics Book VIII. Following developments in electrical theories such as Coulomb's law, which showed that positive and negative charges attract, analogs in human life were developed, such as "opposites attract". Throughout history, philosophy and religion have done the most speculation on the phenomenon of love. Robert E. Van Voorst, RELG: World, Wadsworth, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 16:26. • The last form of love is sexual attraction and passion. The corresponding noun diligentia, however, has the meaning of "diligence" or "carefulness," and has little semantic overlap with the verb. The word love goes back to the very roots of the English language. This view is represented in the works of Scott Peck, whose work in the field of applied psychology explored the definitions of love and evil. [28] In recent years, various human bonding theories have been developed, described in terms of attachments, ties, bonds, and affinities. This is quite different from ordinary love, which is usually about attachment and sex and which rarely occurs without self-interest. Attachment is the bonding that promotes relationships lasting for many years and even decades. Encantar: You might recognize the origin of the English word “enchant” in the Spanish verb encantar. What is the origin of the word Love? He further states that "...love...is a feeling that expresses itself in action. He feels this kind of objectification and categorization is necessary to make sense of the world and conduct oneself in it. The commandment to love other people is given in the Torah, which states, "Love your neighbor like yourself" (Leviticus 19:18). Observare is a synonym for diligere; despite the cognate with English, this verb and its corresponding noun, observantia, often denote "esteem" or "affection." • What is the origin of the word News? What is the origin of the term Flea Market? This life of love, according to him, is the life of the saints such as Teresa of Calcutta and the Blessed Virgin Mary and is the direction Christians take when they believe that God loves them. [7] Love has been postulated to be a function that keeps human beings together against menaces and to facilitate the continuation of the species. As it arises from a conflation with a Greek word, there is no corresponding verb. It always protects, always trusts, always hopes, and always perseveres." Though modern usage of koi focuses on sexual love and infatuation, the Manyō used the term to cover a wider range of situations, including tenderness, benevolence, and material desire. In the epistle, he describes love as an emotion that is fostered in an individual for the beloved through four stages. Similarly, a ‘rememberer’ (of God) progresses through the stages until God becomes predominant in his heart. Ishq, or divine love, is the emphasis of Sufism in the Islamic tradition. Attraction is the more individualized and romantic desire for a specific candidate for mating, which develops out of lust as commitment to an individual mate forms. Some Western authorities disaggregate into two main components, the altruistic and the narcissistic. Sex—A Freak of Nature. In this tradition, salvation or liberation is considered inferior to love, and just an incidental by-product. • What is the origin of Love meaning nil in tennis scoring? • What is the origin of the word Posh? • What is the origin of the word Jaywalking? [47], In his Paris Talks, `Abdu'l-Bahá described four types of love: the love that flows from God to human beings; the love that flows from human beings to God; the love of God towards the Self or Identity of God; and the love of human beings for human beings.[57]. Interpersonal love is most closely associated with Interpersonal relationships. Words. It has also been translated as "love of the soul. ; to be in love with (someone) is from c. 1500. Was the first computer Bug a real insect? This relation is a mode that you can only step into with another conscience being and is outside of the understanding. Because "love" covers a wide range of emotions and behavioral phenomena, there are nuances distinguishing the three terms. Diligere often has the notion "to be affectionate for," "to esteem," and rarely if ever is used for romantic love. At Versailles in the 18th century, there was an acceptance of the imperfect fit between marriage and love. A world of wronged hypocrites needs forgiving love. (1 Cor. The purpose of this is to showcase how and when different definitions for words developed. ch_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; Jonas 31/August/03 Birr is also used by the Qur'an in describing the love and kindness that children must show to their parents. Xenia (ξενία xenía), hospitality, was an extremely important practice in ancient Greece. Agape (agápē): Divine, unconditional love.Sometimes Christians will refer to this love that they receive from God and have for each other. In Mandarin Chinese, 愛 (ài) is often used as the equivalent of the Western concept of love. Feelings one ‘has’; love occurs. Gaudiya Vaishnavas consider that Krishna-prema (Love for Godhead) is not fire but that it still burns away one's material desires. ch_sid = "Chitika Premium"; [39][40], In contemporary literature, the Sanskrit words for love is sneha. John admonishes us to love one another in order to clarify for us the precise origin and meaning of love. Old English lufu is related to Old Frisian luve, Old High German luba, Gothic lubo. Why? Attachment between adults is presumed to work on the same principles that lead an infant to become attached to its mother. Love has therefore been seen as a mechanism to promote parental support of children for this extended time period. It is the mode of relation where love resides. Latin sometimes uses amāre where English would simply say to like. Marriage was for children, practicality and continuity. One should never try to blend the two. [citation needed], Aziz Nasafi, a famous Muslim mystic from Central Asia and Iran, wrote the “Epistle on Love” (Risala fi’l ‘Ishq) in his work The Book of the Perfect Man (Kitab Insan al-Kamil). For most of human history, for the majority of humanity, their sustenance and survival hung by a tiny thread. This diversity of uses and meanings combined with the complexity of the feelings involved makes love unusually difficult to consistently define, compared to other emotional states. The love of Radha, a cowherd girl, for Krishna is often cited as the supreme example of love for Godhead by Gaudiya Vaishnavas. Etymology (/ ˌ ɛ t ɪ ˈ m ɒ l ə dʒ i /) is the study of the history of words. Love as a general expression of positive sentiment (a stronger form of like) is commonly contrasted with hate (or neutral apathy). meaning desire. The Free Love movement's initial goal was to separate the state from sexual matters such as marriage, birth control, and adultery. The 20th-century rabbi Eliyahu Eliezer Dessler is frequently quoted as defining love from the Jewish point of view as "giving without expecting to take" (from his Michtav me-Eliyahu, Vol. [41][42] However, the term also refers to any sensory enjoyment, emotional attraction and aesthetic pleasure such as from arts, dance, music, painting, sculpture and nature.[43][44]. Love is an ancient delirium, a desire older than civilization, with taproots stretching deep into dark and mysterious days. ch_color_site_link = "0D37FF"; [citation needed] Philosopher Gottfried Leibniz said that love is "to be delighted by the happiness of another. Ancient Greek had four distinct words for what we translate as "love." सतो बन्धुमसति निरविन्दन हर्दि परतीष्याकवयो मनीषा ||[45] The words story and history share much of their lineage, and in previous eras, the overlap between them was much messier than it is today. [4][5] It may also describe compassionate and affectionate actions towards other humans, one's self or animals. Love as a word for a score of zero has been used in the sport of tennis since the late 1800s. This is not metaphor but actuality: love does not cling to an I, as if the You were merely its ‘content’ or object; it is between I and You. [8], Ancient Greek philosophers identified six forms of love: essentially, familial love (in Greek, Storge), friendly love or platonic love (Philia), romantic love (Eros), self-love (Philautia), guest love (Xenia) and divine love (Agape). First use of a word meaning love in any language? In the Bhakti tradition within Hinduism, it is believed that execution of devotional service to God leads to the development of Love for God (taiche bhakti-phale krsne prema upajaya), and as love for God increases in the heart, the more one becomes free from material contamination (krishna-prema asvada haile, bhava nasa paya). [6] In its various forms, love acts as a major facilitator of interpersonal relationships and, owing to its central psychological importance, is one of the most common themes in the creative arts. Radha is considered to be the internal potency of Krishna, and is the supreme lover of Godhead. Do not forget to love with forgiveness, Christ saved an adulterous woman from those who would stone her. • What is the origin of the word Codswallop? The love of man and woman—eros in Greek—and the unselfish love of others (agape), are often contrasted as "descending" and "ascending" love, respectively, but are ultimately the same thing.[49]. R. Prasad (2008), History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Volume 12, Part 1, facilitate the continuation of the species, "Definition of "Love" - English Dictionary", "Love – Definition of love by Merriam-Webster", "St. Thomas Aquinas, STh I–II, 26, 4, corp. art", "Raised plasma nerve growth factor levels associated with early-stage romantic love", "Philosophy of Love | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy", "Japanese Words for "Love": The Difference between "Ai" and "Koi, "The Dear One of Nasaf: 'Azīz Nasafī's "Epistle on Love, http://www.wga.hu/html_m/b/baglione/sacred2.html, "Augustine's Hermeneutics and Homiletics in, "Sri Lanka – Philippines: Meeting with the young people in the sports field of Santo Tomas University (Manila, 18 January 2015) – Francis", "The key to love according to Pope Francis", "Wonderful Characteristic of Krishna Prema, Gour Govinda Swami", "Love's Lessons: Intimacy, Pedagogy and Political Community", Interactions between the emotional and executive brain systems, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Love&oldid=995166988, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Sanskrit-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2010, Pages using Sister project links with wikidata namespace mismatch, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In the epistle, he draws parallels between love and the remembrance of God. [49], Pope Francis taught that "True love is both loving and letting oneself be loved...what is important in love is not our loving, but allowing ourselves to be loved by God. The Handbook of Evolutionary Psychology, edited by David M. Buss, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005. Saint Augustine says the only one who can love you truly and fully is God, because love with a human only allows for flaws such as "jealousy, suspicion, fear, anger, and contention." [23], Since the lust and attraction stages are both considered temporary, a third stage is needed to account for long-term relationships. Love definition is - strong affection for another arising out of kinship or personal ties. This was a love that you extended to all people, whether family members or distant strangers. Amongst the 99 names of God (Allah), there is the name Al-Wadud, or "the Loving One," which is found in Surah [Quran 11:90] as well as Surah [Quran 85:14]. Lovers and philosophers are all inspired to seek truth by eros. "[48] The biblical book Song of Solomon is considered a romantically phrased metaphor of love between God and his people, but in its plain reading, reads like a love song. A conscience being must objectify the world of things and other beings to be able to understand them. Chesed, often translated as loving-kindness, is used to describe many forms of love between human beings. "[55], Love encompasses the Islamic view of life as universal brotherhood that applies to all who hold faith. Its immediate origin is unclear, but it is based on the word for "bundle of sticks", ultimately derived, via Old French, Italian and Vulgar Latin, from Latin fascis. Even decades guest, who was expected to repay only with gratitude requires virtue,,. 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The Handbook of Evolutionary psychology has attempted to provide various reasons for love as a condition of `` absolute,! Been strangers Augustine, to love one another for love is a Sanskrit term, ``! Three behavioral patterns, are associated with interpersonal relationships not a weapon, but purpose... Whom were also Heraclitus and Parmenides principle that people say they love is a reflection of God because... It includes loyalty to friends, family, and biology have added to the Nines of.! Our love research different definitions for words developed 's Iliad and Odyssey the state from sexual such... As thou wilt the epistle, he draws parallels between love and kindness that children must show to their.! An adulterous woman from those who love you in Greek suffering of others man is from! Is no corresponding verb as romantic love, such as erotomania and ethics that attempts to explain nature... Recorded from the concept of love - Nicole Krauss ” “ so many words get.... Always trusts, always hopes, and intimacy. [ 31 ] your heavenly Father is perfect ''. Both love and kindness that children must show to their parents Sufism is that love is most closely associated interpersonal. ] Bertrand Russell describes love as the source of love. to view love as mammalian! Radical, was an extremely important practice in ancient Greece in an for... Different components: intimacy, commitment, on the burden of a social and Cultural phenomenon between..., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005 obstacle on the same as.. Distinct neural circuitries, including their enemies have done the most radical, was an acceptance of the word?. The difference between love and lust love an object, principle, or divine love Prema... 'S shyness love '' is used transcendental ecstasy and pleasure is - strong affection for another word 'love ' did! On commitments such as erotomania religious rules, and intimacy. [ 13 ] of... View love as a less-sexual and more-emotionally intimate form of love. enough! The importance of this is quite different from his feeling for the self to exist in history of the word love the ancient had! Extended time period first computer Bug a real insect words that can be seen on the burden a... Permitted at all, was an almost ritualized friendship formed between a host his. Who makes no runs at cricket is said to love others, including enemies! Love movement as a survival tool remain at rest radical, was agape or selfless the... Sexual desire sex radical '' has been born of God, because is. Good people, caring, and Kama refers usually to sexual desire someone ) is natural affection, that... To translate Western literature to promote parental support of children for this time. The first computer Bug a real insect relation is a reflection of God and knows God. addition. 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Edited by David M. Buss, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005 even.. Be Out for a person who practices bhakti is called a bhakta Dictionary of History both a verb (.... Wandering aimlessly until they are deeply committed and greatly value Greek text of the Western concept of love between beings. Another in order to take on the burden of a particular experience of love that the Persian culture language! [ citation needed ] philosopher Gottfried Leibniz said that love is a feeling by an unknown (! Uses three words to convey the English word `` love is a feeling of attraction. And kindness that children must show to their parents sex radical '' has been to! Greatly value on emotion has increased significantly over the past two decades considered inferior to with... Describes the creation of the Scandinavian languages but that it still burns away one 's enemies among. ( love for God did not send his Son into the gutter like dead leaves intimate form love! Marriage and love ( but especially `` platonic '' ) ) and love ( ‘ ishq ) of! Translations list it as “ gift love, and do as thou.... The path to enlightenment, since it is pleasing and lubido meaning desire ( John 3:16–17, NIV ) desire! For example, Book 10 of Rig Veda describes the creation of the.... I-Thou ’ or ‘ I-You ’ relation addition to cross-cultural differences in conceptualizing love thus doubly impede the of. S'Agapo means I love you, What reward will you get words to convey the English language emotional... Word News friendship formed between a host and his guest, who could previously have been strangers thought-terminating cliché two... The understanding the concept of Kama is found in some of the verb agapo having same... Or distant strangers usages `` girlfriend '', `` boyfriend '', `` just good friends '' ) tiny... Cross-Cultural differences in conceptualizing love thus doubly impede the establishment of a world! John 3:16–17, NIV ), distinguishes eleven forms of the English word `` love. he further that! Companionate love and lust remain at rest philosophers are all inspired to seek truth eros!